Tribune magazine published its annual list of the 10 most powerful women in the world in August. They have contributed to the development of society. They are entrepreneurs, investors, scientists, philanthropists and CEOs… They continue to influence the history of the planet. Let’s have a look on who these great achievers are.
Angela Merkel was born in Hamburg on 17 July 1954, a German state-aged woman. As a trained physicist, Angela Merkel participated as a teenager in the German Free Youth movement. Then gradually traces a journey into the political milieu. In 2005, Angela Merkel began a campaigning process for the federal election. Allied with the Social Democratic Party, Angela Merkel wins the elections, and is elected Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany. She recidivates in 2009 and then in 2013, confirming her status as the most powerful woman in the world according to Forbes magazine. She is again a candidate for the 2017 presidential elections in Germany, which will take place in next September.
Theresa May, born Brasier on 1 October 1956 in Eastbourne, is a British statesman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the Conservative Party since July 2016. In 2016, following the referendum on the UK’s membership of the European Union, which led Prime Minister Cameron to announce his resignation, he was chosen by the Conservative Party to succeed him. She was appointed head of the government on July 13, 2016, becoming Margaret Thatcher’s second woman to hold office. Theresa May is defined as one-nation conservative and is often described as liberal-conservative.
Hillary Clinton is an American politician, including US Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013. As the wife of the 42nd President, Bill Clinton, she is the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001. She is then, from 2001 to 2009, New York State Democratic Senator; it supports US military interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq. Candidate to the presidential primaries of the Democratic Party of 2008, she is beaten by Barack Obama. In 2009, after her election to the presidency, she became Secretary of State of the United States, a position she held until 2013, when she was succeeded by John Kerry.
Aung San Suu Kyi is a Burmese deputy and an emblematic figure working for democracy, recognized throughout the world. In 2012, Aung San Suu Kyi is allowed to run for the legislative elections and is elected MP. In the same year, she made her first trip abroad for more than twenty years. In 2013, Aung San Suu Kyi affirms his intention to participate in the Burmese presidential election of 2015. His party wins the legislative elections of November 2015.
Dubbed the “Iron Lady”, Liberia’s Sirleaf, 77, made history when she became Africa’s first elected woman president in November 2005. She then also won the Nobel Peace Prize. Economist and a former international civil servant and finance minister, she won a second term in 2011. As of 2016, she is listed as the 83rd most powerful woman in the world by Forbes. [
Veronica Michelle Bachelet was born on 29 September 1951 and was the first woman to be President in Chile from 2006 to 2010. She is re-elected in March 2014 and is appointed as the first Executive Director of the newly created UN Entity for Equality Gender and empowerment of women (UN Women). She is the first person since 1932 to win the Chilean presidency twice in competitive elections.
She is a member of the Socialist Party of Chile.
Lagarde, 60, is the first woman to head the International Monetary Fund, taking over in 2011 in the midst of a debt crisis. In July 2011, she became the IMF’s Executive Director, and the first woman to hold this position outside interim periods. She is recent in her duties in 2016. A former corporate lawyer, Lagarde was also France’s first woman finance minister.
Janet Yellen, born August 13, 1946 in Brooklyn, is an American economist and professor emeritus. On January 31, 2014, she succeeded Ben Bernanke as President of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve.
A former Harvard University professor, she was also former US president Bill Clinton’s chief economist. In 2014, according to the ranking of the economic magazine Forbes, it is the second most influential woman in the world.
Irina Bokova, born on 12 July 1952 in Sofia (Bulgaria), has been Director-General of UNESCO since 15 November 2009. She was re-elected in 2013 for a second term. She is the first woman and the first person from Eastern Europe to lead the Organization. It also recently held a meeting with the Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs of the French Republic, where they discussed the very close cooperation between UNESCO and France in all areas of competence of the Organization.
Dr Margaret Chan is the Director-General of WHO (world Health Organization) and was appointed for the first time by the World Health Assembly on 9 November 2006. She will complete her second term on 20 June 2017. Before being elected Director-General, Dr Chan was the WHO Deputy Director-General for Communicable Diseases and the Representative of the Director-General for Pandemic Influenza. Prior to joining WHO, she was a health director in Hong Kong. During his nine-year tenure as Director, Dr. Chan confronted the first human outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza in 1997. He successfully defeated the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) crisis in Hong Kong in 2003. It has also launched new services to prevent illness and promote better health.